Defining property investment goals as a first-time investment property buyer
Investing in property requires more than just financial capital. A well-defined property investment strategy demands well-defined property investment goals that set you on the right path to investment success.
Over my decades of experience, I’ve seen so many people skip over their investment goals when investing in property. But without understanding your goals, you’re just taking a stab in the dark and hoping for the best. I explain why it’s so important to define robust property investment goals and how to go about it.
No goals = big risks
It’s no surprise that the Australian property market has the capacity to deliver significant long-term investment returns. From the potential tax benefits of an investment property to long-term capital growth, real estate investments provide an opportunity for wealth creation that can be passed down through generations.
But if your goal is legacy building, you’ll likely invest in a different way to someone who is planning for retirement or looking to capitalise on tax benefits. A first-time investment will also look very different to an investment that’s part of an established property portfolio.
The risk of not defining your property investment goals first? You could make a suboptimal choice. Or buy a property in a declining market. Or overextend yourself financially. These are all setbacks that can lead to financial stress and poor investment performance, turning you off property investment altogether.
With a solid plan and well-defined goals you avoid the risk of making decisions based on short-term factors and emotional impulses… and avoid the associated financial repercussions.
Defining your why
A simple way to start the process of defining your property investment goals is to consider your ‘why’. This will influence every other decision you may, from the type or property you invest in to the risks you’re willing to take.
Are you seeking financial freedom into your retirement? Or is property investment a path to generating passive income? Do you want to diversify your investment portfolio by adding property into the mix? Or is your objective a lifestyle one of investing in a property that your family can use in the future as a holiday home?
Your age can also play a factor in your ‘why’. Young people using property investment as a long-term wealth creation strategy may be more open to risks. On the flip side, older people nearing retirement may prefer steady, reliable, low-risk investments.
You’ll also revisit your ‘why’ as you progress in your investment journey. Life circumstances change and the market evolves but a clearly defined ‘why’ will serve as a reference point for re-evaluating your approach. It helps you to make faster decisions and stay the course when the market experiences inevitable fluctuations.
Short-term vs long-term goals
Property investment isn’t a one-size-fits-all venture. Every investment will have different financial goals and timelines, both short and long term.
If you’re only thinking about the short-term goal of purchasing the property, you’re missing the bigger property investment planning picture of when and where to invest. If you’re only focused on the long-term you may miss some of the benefits that you can capitalise on while you build your wealth for the future.
Short-term property investment goals usually span from a few months up to around 3 to 5 years, including investments that you only hold for a short period of time before selling. It may also include short-term goals attached to a long-term investment, such as purchasing a second investment property to add to your portfolio.
A short-term investment usually aims for quick profits. Strategies might include buying properties in rapidly appreciating areas or purchasing "fixer-uppers," renovating them, and selling them for a higher price. Another short-term property investment goal might be to generate immediate cash flow. You might look at cash flow positive properties or properties with high rental yields.
Long-term property investment goals usually span over several years to decades. The focus is generally on capital growth so immediate cash flow might not be a concern. However, a long-term investment with a steady income can help to generate passive income while paying off the investment.
A longer investment timeline allows you to ride out market fluctuations. It also may carry lower risk, especially if you diversify the types and locations of properties in your portfolio.
Property financial planning and budgeting
Whatever your property investment goals, they must be defined within the context of your financial situation, both where it is now and the desired state.
Any property financial planner will tell you that a well-crafted budget helps you understand what you can afford without jeopardising your other financial responsibilities. Overstretching your finances can expose you to undue risk, while conservative budgeting might mean missed opportunities.
Investment properties often come with ongoing costs, such as maintenance, insurance and property management fees, in addition to mortgage payments. Financial planning ensures that you can manage these recurring expenses. If you’re relying on rental income to cover these expenses, proper budgeting will also ensure you can maintain a positive cash flow position.
When you know your numbers you understand your break-even point. You know how sensitive your cash flow is to changes in interest rates or what would happen if your property remains vacant for an extended period. This helps to create informed and realistic property investment goals.
Your financial position will drive almost every element of your investment strategy and the goals attached to it. A solid financial plan may make you more attractive to borrowers. It can also help you to optimise your tax planning and drive focused decision-making and help you understand when you can realistically achieve your goals.
Measuring and reassessing goals
Even the best-laid plans need to be re-evaluated regularly. It's vital to measure your investment's performance against your goals periodically.
Every goal should have a Key Performance Indicator (KPI). These could be financial metrics like Return on Investment (ROI), Cash on Cash Return, or more qualitative indicators like tenant satisfaction for those who are focusing on rental properties. KPIs offer a quantitative way to track your progress.
As you review your goals, you can identify areas that require adjustment and tweak your approach to ensure continued performance. As you progress, you may also realise that your goals are no longer relevant. Don’t be afraid to realign your goals and celebrate the wins along the way.
Build your property investment team
As a property investment advisor, one of the most important things I do is helping my clients to define their property investment goals. When you work with me, you get access to a property financial advisor with deep market knowledge and broad industry connections, all for a single fee.
I support my clients through each step of the process, from understanding their financial situation and goals through to finding and purchasing a property. It’s the faster, smarter way to grow your wealth; putting money in your pocket without you having to lift a finger.
Book a wealth accelerator call so we can discuss your goals and how property investment can help you achieve them.
The information in this article is general in nature and does not constitute financial advice. You should seek independent legal, financial, taxation or other advice for your own unique circumstances.